What are the symptoms of STDs?

Introduction

STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual activity. In Malaysia, STDs are a significant health concern, with high prevalence rates reported. It is important to get tested regularly for STDs, especially if you are sexually active with multiple partners. In this article, we will discuss the different types of STDs, their prevalence rates in Malaysia, and their symptoms.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that affects both men and women. It often does not display any symptoms, making it difficult to detect without testing. The prevalence rate of chlamydia in Malaysia is estimated to be 2.2%. Symptoms may include pain during urination, discharge from the genitals, and pain or bleeding during sex.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another bacterial infection that is transmitted through sexual contact. The prevalence rate of gonorrhea in Malaysia is estimated to be 0.6%. Symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, discharge from the genitals, and pain or swelling in the testicles for men.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can have serious long-term health consequences if left untreated. The prevalence rate of syphilis in Malaysia is estimated to be 0.3%. Symptoms may include sores or ulcers on the genitals, mouth, or anus, rash, fever, and swollen glands. Syphilis can also be asymptomatic in some cases.

Hepatitis B and C

Hepatitis B and C are viral infections that affect the liver. They are transmitted through contact with infected blood or bodily fluids, including sexual contact. The prevalence rate of hepatitis B in Malaysia is estimated to be 2.5%, while the prevalence rate of hepatitis C is estimated to be 0.7%. Symptoms may include fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). However, many people with hepatitis B or C may not experience any symptoms and may be asymptomatic.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is a viral infection that can cause genital warts and some types of cancer, including cervical cancer. The prevalence rate of HPV in Malaysia is estimated to be 10.3%. Symptoms may include warts on the genitals or anus, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and itching or burning in the genital area. However, many people with HPV may not experience any symptoms and may be asymptomatic.

Herpes

Herpes is a viral infection that causes sores or blisters on the mouth or genitals. It is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. The prevalence rate of herpes in Malaysia is estimated to be 0.6%. Symptoms may include sores or blisters on the genitals or mouth, fever, and swollen glands. However, many people with herpes may not experience any symptoms and may be asymptomatic.

Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma

Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma are bacterial infections that can cause urinary tract infections and other complications if left untreated. The prevalence rate of mycoplasma and ureaplasma in Malaysia is not well documented, but they are often found in people who are already infected with another STD. Symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, discharge from the genitals, and pain or bleeding during sex.

It is important to remember that not all individuals who are infected with an STD will display symptoms. In fact, many people with an STD may not even know that they have one, which can lead to further transmission of the infection to others. Therefore, it is important to get tested regularly for STDs, even if you are not experiencing any symptoms.

At Hisential Clinic, we offer comprehensive STD testing services that are safe, confidential, and accurate. We understand the sensitive nature of STD testing and ensure that all results are kept confidential. Our experienced and professional medical staff will guide you through the testing process and answer any questions or concerns that you may have.

In conclusion, knowing the different types of STDs, their prevalence in Malaysia, and their symptoms is crucial in preventing the spread of these infections. Remember, getting tested regularly is the best way to protect yourself and your sexual partners from these infections. If you are concerned that you may have an STD, do not hesitate to contact Hisential Clinic for testing and treatment.

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