It occurs for multiple reasons like oily skin, infection, and higher skin sensitivity to hormones. However, the most common cause is the plugging of hair follicles in those with increased sebum production or due to dead skin.
Though most cases of acne are quite mild, it may cause severe problems in some. If not treated, it may even cause permanent skin scarring in some individuals. Hence, it is always good to seek timely medical treatment for the condition.
Types of acne and symptoms
There are many types of acne:
- Whiteheads – when pores are plugged or closed
- Blackheads- when pores are open
- Small red and tender bumps or papules
- Pimples or papules with pus at their tips
- Large, solid, and painful nodules under the skin
- Painful and pus-filled lumps under the skin that cause severe skin scarring
Acne can often be a benign condition, just causing mild whiteheads or blackheads. However, in some, it may cause severe puss-filled lesions that may leave permanent scars. Acne most commonly occurs on the face and forehead, but it may also occur on the shoulders and upper back.
Should one seek medical attention?
Generally, whiteheads and blackheads can be managed without medical help. People may use home remedies or even some commonly available medicated cosmetics. However, one may need medical attention if there are severe pimples, lumps, and puss-filled papules. Moreover, in some, they may cover most of the face. If untreated, they may continue to affect for years and even decades.
In males, acne is more common during puberty and things may get better with time. In addition, in some individuals, there are flares of acne. Such flares may occur seasonally or even monthly.
If you are living with severe acne, do not depend on the commonly available cosmetic brands. After all, acne is a disease and not just some mild cosmetic issue. In addition, FDA warns that some commonly used cosmetics to manage acne may rather cause harm.
What causes acne?
Acne is so challenging to manage as they occur due to many reasons. Some of the causes of acne are:
- Excessive sebum production or oily skin
- Blockage of the hair follicle by dead skin cells
- Bacterial infection
One can see that there could be many causes of acne, which is why even doctors sometimes struggle to treat acne. That is why those living with acne should seek treatment in a specialized clinic.
When visiting a clinic, sharing information regarding flares is a good idea. Most people living with acne know that there are a few things that make their conditions worse like:
- Certain medications may also cause acne
- Diet plays an important role in the development of acne, especially in high-carb foods. However, sometimes people benefit significantly by making dietary changes.
- Stress is among the less realized cause of acne, but it is among the relevant causes.