The Importance of Testicular Self-Exams for Early Detection of Cancer


Testicular cancer, although relatively rare, is a significant health concern for men, especially those between the ages of 15 and 40 where prevalence is the highest. However, it’s essential to note that men of any age can develop this disease. The good news is that testicular cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, especially when detected early. This is where testicular self-examination come in. By regularly examining your testicles, you can become familiar with their normal size, shape, and weight, making it easier to notice any changes or abnormalities

What to Spot and Look Out For

One of the first signs of testicular cancer is often a lump or swelling in the testes. Other symptoms may include sharp pain or a dull ache in the lower abdomen or scrotum, a feeling often described as “heaviness” in the scrotum, firmness of the testicle, breast enlargement (AKA Gynaecomastia) from hormonal effects, and low back pain due to the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes along the back.

If the cancer has spread to other organs, symptoms may include shortness of breath, cough or coughing up blood from its spread to the lungs, or even a lump in the neck.

How to Perform a Testicular Exam

Performing a testicular self-exam is a simple process that only takes a few minutes. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

1. The best time to perform the self-exam is during or after a bath or shower when the scrotum and muscles holding the testes are relaxed. This makes it easier for you to identify any abnormalities.

2. Examine One Testicle At A Time:

● Hold your testicle between your thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between your fingers. Look and feel for any hard lumps or nodules (smooth rounded growths) or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of your testicles. Notice if there is any pain or tenderness.

3. Find the Epididymis:

● Don’t freak out! It’s normal to feel a soft, rope-like cord on the top and back of each testicle. This structure is called the epididymis, which stores and transports sperm. Don’t mistake it for a lump.

4. Report Any Irregularities: If you detect any irregularities, contact a healthcare professional immediately. Remember, early detection is key.

What to Expect at Hisential Clinic

At Hisential, we prioritize your health and comfort. If a suspected lump is found during a physical examination, we will conduct further testing such as an ultrasound or blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. If testicular cancer is confirmed, we will discuss the best treatment options with you, which may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or stem cell transplantation.

We understand that health checks can be daunting, but they are crucial for early detection and treatment of conditions like testicular cancer. We encourage all men, regardless of age, to take charge of their health. Come to Hisential for a full health screening, which includes a testicle and prostate exam. Don’t gamble with your health – early detection saves lives. Schedule your appointment today!

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