In Singapore, we face a pressing concern regarding weight-related health issues, with approximately 11.6% of our adult population classified as overweight or obese. This breakdown reveals that majority of this subset are overweight, 10.5% fall into the obese category. The implications of obesity extend far beyond physical appearance, serving as a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, cancers, and a myriad of other health complications. It's a matter of such gravity that some experts advocate considering obesity as a disease itself, emphasizing the necessity of medical intervention for severe cases.

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As our understanding of obesity evolves, we’ve come to recognize its intricate relationship with various health conditions. High cholesterol, blood pressure issues, elevated blood sugar levels, and plaque formation in blood vessels often coexist with obesity. Furthermore, fat tissues release hormones that contribute to chronic inflammation, exacerbating the risk of developing other chronic disorders.

Embarking on a weight loss journey without medical guidance can be fraught with challenges and potential pitfalls. Experience has shown that poorly planned weight loss efforts can do more harm than good, leading to adverse health outcomes. Quick-fix solutions such as supplements or fat burners may seem tempting but can pose serious risks to health. The reality is that sustainable weight loss requires a comprehensive approach tailored to individual needs.

Medical professionals play a pivotal role in orchestrating effective weight loss strategies. Through extensive health assessments, doctors can craft personalized weight loss programs encompassing dietary adjustments, lifestyle modifications, and, when appropriate, medication. These medications are designed to facilitate fat burning, reduce calorie intake, modify appetite, and optimize weight loss outcomes.


The rise of non-infectious chronic diseases has emerged as a predominant health concern in contemporary times, reshaping the landscape of healthcare. Studies have identified obesity as a key driver behind this trend, underscoring its pivotal role in the proliferation of chronic ailments. Notably, the impact of obesity is heightened among Asians, who exhibit distinct fat distribution patterns compared to Europeans.

Asians, characterized by central obesity and a propensity for visceral fat accumulation, face heightened risks of developing lipotoxicity—a condition marked by excessive fat deposits around vital organs. Even mild obesity poses significant health risks, contributing to elevated cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin resistance, and diabetes. These metabolic disturbances fuel the progression of cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes, alongside peripheral vascular disease.

Moreover, obesity exerts a substantial toll on physical function and quality of life, predisposing individuals to osteoarthritis and impairing mobility. Additionally, obesity can diminish libido and impact reproductive health, highlighting its far-reaching consequences beyond physical health metrics.

While the body mass index (BMI) serves as a commonly used metric to assess obesity, recent guidelines tailored for Asians have revised the classification thresholds. According to these guidelines, individuals with a BMI of 23 or higher are considered overweight, while a BMI exceeding 30 indicates obesity. It’s important to note that while BMI provides a useful screening tool, it may not capture nuances in body composition and fat distribution.


Consulting medical professionals is paramount for accurately assessing obesity and devising tailored interventions. Healthcare providers employ a multifaceted approach, incorporating measures such as waist-to-hip ratio calculations and comprehensive blood tests to evaluate health status comprehensively.

In many cases, individuals may benefit from weight loss programs despite being moderately overweight. Factors such as central obesity, elevated cholesterol, and high blood pressure underscore the need for proactive intervention. Furthermore, medical professionals possess the expertise to identify underlying causes of obesity, such as thyroid dysfunction, and offer targeted treatments accordingly.

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Effective weight loss strategies prioritize long-term sustainability over short-term fixes. Rather than advocating for strict diets, medical professionals emphasize balanced dietary choices and regular physical activity as cornerstones of weight management. Medications may complement lifestyle modifications, aiding in weight loss and improving metabolic health through various mechanisms.

Throughout the weight loss journey, close monitoring and continuous adjustment of treatment regimens are essential for optimizing outcomes and ensuring patient safety. By embracing a holistic approach to weight loss under the guidance of medical professionals, individuals can embark on a path towards sustainable, long-term weight management and overall well-being.